In 2019 MAGNA continued providing health care through a mobile reproductive health team, and supported the maternal clinic of Al Batool Hospital in Mosul, Ninewa province, one of the most affected parts of Iraq in the aftermath of the ISIS conflict.
In 2019 we provided vital health services to women, newborns, and children, including gynaecological and family planning consultations, as well as pre-natal care, obstetric care, postnatal care, and laboratory services.
The situation in the country
By the end of 2019, 4.1 million people in Iraq required humanitarian aid, 50% of which were women and girls and 46% children. 1.77 million people are in extreme humanitarian need. Around 1.5 million people remain internally displaced, and 70 percent of them have been displaced for over three years.
The humanitarian crisis in Mosul poses an increased risk to the health and lives of pregnant women and children. In 2019 Iraq marked 2 years since the end of military operations against ISIS militants. The conflict cost thousands of lives and drove millions of people from their homes throughout the region. Even after two years, the situation in Iraq all through 2019 remained unstable in political, economic, and security terms. Millions still need humanitarian aid. The situation grew worse after the Turkish offensive in northern Syria, which culminated in a new influx of thousands of Syrian refugees to Iraq. Instability, uncertainty, and unpredictability are the main factors affecting the country’s status and the lives of its inhabitants, who are facing severe consequences, most threatening to the most vulnerable groups.
The city of Mosul in Ninewa province, where MAGNA undertook an intervention, became the district with the highest number of returnees: more than 1 million. At the end of 2019, Mosul had over 175,000 people in acute need of humanitarian assistance. The severely damaged city and its health facilities were overloaded with the numbers and the requirements of those returning to town and needing health care. Almost all the health facilities in Mosul were damaged, with nine of the thirteen state hospitals completely devastated at a loss of around 70 percent of hospital beds.
MAGNA arranged for safe access, for returnees from the western part of Mosul, to quality reproductive health services, and enhanced their provision. A MAGNA mobile unit along with the supported Al Batool Hospital assisted the most vulnerable pregnant and nursing women and women of reproductive age. It is important to remember that providing these services has reduced the risk of maternal morbidity and mortality.
MAGNA registered and educated health personnel with the aim of reducing personnel shortfalls and improving the quality of health services. We successfully secured basic medicines and health aids for basic and complex reproductive health services of emergency obstetric and newborn care (EMONC) and RH.
We also focused on survivors of gender based violence in this area. Our teams identified and referred GBV victims for health care. The main GBV targets are women and girls. Many who have survived such violence refuse specialized services for fear of stigmatization, reprisals that can include honour killings, and other forms of violence, or for a lack of trust of available legal services.
MAGNA has been working in Iraq since 2017.
ACTIVITIES IN NUMBERS
VICTIMS OF SEXUAL VIOLENCE TREATED
PEOPLE EDUCATED ON REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH
In 2019 MAGNA expended € 181,371 in Iraq on operating health programs and humanitarian assistance.