In 2019 in Lebanon, MAGNA provided medical and psychosocial intervention for Syrian refugees in makeshift settlements as well as for vulnerable Lebanese populations suffering from the Syrian crisis in the Baalbeck-Hermel area.
MAGNA assistance in Lebanon in 2019 concentrated on vulnerable girls, boys, women, and men affected by the Syrian crisis, and the aim of improving access to quality preventive and therapeutic services of primary health care, including reproductive health. We focused on better access to care particularly for pregnant and breastfeeding women and children under 5. MAGNA operated a clinic in the town of Baalbek, with a mobile clinic journeying to settlements in Younnine and Chaat, where we discovered a huge lack of health services provision. After consulting with local authorities and communities, we established hotspots – semi-static MAGNA treatment centres offering residents regular visits – for Syrian refugees and vulnerable Lebanese.
The situation in the country
Lebanon has a population about 6 million. The UNHCR estimates that over 916,000 Syrian refugees were registered in the country as of November 2019, this number having decreased through 2019 by around 40,000. However there are more than 1.5 million refugees from Syria in Lebanon unofficially, half of them women and children. There are almost 180,000 Palestinian refugees, as well as 27,700 Palestinian refugees from Syria, in the country. These numbers make Lebanon the country with the largest number of refugees per capita in the world. The local Lebanese population is also significantly affected by the Syrian crisis. In the second half of 2019 the overall situation in Lebanon got fundamentally worse, following years of political and economic difficulties, as nationwide protests and economic issues brought the country more problems and subsequent uncertainty and the fall of the government.
Psychotherapists provided care and treatment for psychological difficulties and therapeutic observation in the centres. Patients suffering from the most serious psychological disorders received specialist therapy. A team of community workers supported the professional personnel, doing preventive and consulting work in the communities.
The hotspots MAGNA created in a number of settlements were also useful for the community as meeting venues, and even after the project ends will remain in the community’s management, to be used further for meetings or as part of the settlements’ health services.
MAGNA has been working in Lebanon since 2016.
ACTIVITIES IN NUMBERS
PATIENTS RECEIVED PSYCHOSOCIAL INTERVENTIONS
COMMUNITY MEMBERS EDUCATED ON PREVENTING SEXUAL VIOLENCE
In 2019 MAGNA expended € 206,032 in Lebanon on operating health programs and humanitarian assistance.